By Samuel Mwendwa Kisuu, Director at Africa Law Partners.
The first half of 2020 has been rife with change across the spectrum. The spread of the Corona Virus Disease has caused various operational glitches in many sectors and the ensuing economic recession has forced businesses and business leaders back to the drawing board to chance at recovery.
A 2020 survey by the Africa Private Equity and Venture Capital Association placed Kenya as the most attractive African country for private equity investment over the next three (3) years. As such, we at Africa Law Partners think it important to synthesize the myriad of notable regulatory changes that have occurred in the first half of 2020 which would directly impact private equity business.
The first change to the company law regime in Kenya was the promulgation of the Companies (Beneficial Ownership Information) Regulations, 2020. These essence of the regulations is to create a framework for disclosure of beneficial owners of companies in Kenya in a bid to increase transparency of capital flow to and from Kenya. We have analysed these regulations here.
The Business Laws (Amendment Act), 2020 brought forth some notable amendments. Pursuant to its promulgation, electronic signatures are now conclusively valid and company seals have been abolished. As such, transactions may be completed virtually without signatories travelling to Kenya to sign completion documents.
The tax laws of Kenya were amended by the Tax Laws (Amendment) Act, 2020 which was assented to by the President on 25 April 2020. The table below highlights the changes that would affect private equity business in Kenya.
|Turnover tax||Threshold for businesses qualifying for turnover tax has been amended to those companies whose turnover is above KES 1 million to KES 50 million||1%||Businesses with a relatively lower turnover may enjoy an effectively lower tax rate|
|Corporation tax||Resident companies to enjoy lower tax rate in Kenya||25%||Kenya becomes the country with the lowest corporate tax rate in the East Africa Community and below the average corporate tax rate in Africa|
|Investment deductions||1. The Second Schedule to the Income Tax Act, cap. 470 of the Laws of Kenya was repealed and replaced as follows:||These amendments reduce the overall investment deductions a business may claim and therefore lead to lower reported tax losses from businesses.|
|2. Item||Previous allowance||New allowance|
|3. Buildings (and machinery) used for manufacture and hotels||4. 100%||5. 50% in the 1st year and 25% on a reducing balance for subsequent years|
|6. Hospital buildings||7. N/A||8. 50% in the 1st year and 25% on a reducing balance basis for subsequent years|
|9. Hospital equipment||10. N/A||11. 50% in the 1st year and 25% on a reducing balance for subsequent years|
|12. Educational buildings||13. 50% p.a||14. 10% p.a on a reducing balance basis|
|15. Commercial buildings||16. 25% p.a||17. 10% p.a on a reducing balance basis|
|18. Motor vehicles and heavy earth moving equipment||19. Heavy earth moving equipment – 37.5% on a reducing balance basis
20. Other motor vehicles – 25% on a reducing balance basis
|21. 25% p.a on a reducing balance basis|
|22. Telecommunication Equipment||23. 20% p.a on a straight line basis||24. 10% on a reducing balance basis|
|Farmworks||25. 100% on the first year of use||26. 50% in the 1st year and 25% on a reducing balance for subsequent years|
|27. Furniture and fittings||28. 12.5% p.a on a reducing balance basis||29. 10% on a reducing balance basis|
|Withholding tax||Increases and introductions to the items subject to withholding tax in Kenya||Dividends to non-resident persons: 15%
Introduction of withholding tax on sales promotion, marketing, advertising services and transportation of goods by non-residents: 20%
|This is aimed to reduce the funds repatriated by non-resident persons, thereby increasing local revenue collection.|
|Value Added Tax (VAT)||· Reduction of standard VAT rate||14%||These amendments have struck a balance between consumer relief and revenue collection by the government.|
|· Change of status of good from being exempt to having the stand rate applicable||14%|
|· Change of status of good from being taxable at the zero-rate (0%) to exempt||Exempt|
- Banking: the introduction of the Banking (Credit Reference Bureau) Regulations, 2020 which provide the legal framework for the establishment, management and operation of credit reference bureaus, the management of credit information and the cross border conveyance of credit information.
- Insurance: the insurance sector has had four (4) separate regulations promulgated touching on corporate group compliance for insurance group companies, micro-insurance, bancassurance as well as anti-money laundering. These regulations are key to players in the insurance sector and persons taking insurance who are likely high-risk individuals for the purposes of money laundering.
Second half of 2020
The second half of 2020 poses interesting times for the regulatory environment around private capital. The highlights that we envision include:
- The Finance Act, 2020 (the Finance Act): the Finance Act was gazetted on 10 July 2020 and sees the introduction of a minimum tax of 1% based on turnover. The Finance Act also contains provisions that bring private equity funds within the regulatory purview of the Capital Markets Authority. A potential upside of the amendments introduced by the Finance Act is a less arduous dispute resolution procedure between taxpayers and the Kenya Revenue Authority through the proposed Voluntary Disclosure Program.
- Regional dynamics: private equity funds operating in Sub-Saharan Africa are ordinarily domiciled in Mauritius or South Africa. The European Union (the EU) considers Mauritius as being a country that presents strategic deficiencies in the anti-money laundering regime. This may pose a concern for private equity funds with limited partners from the EU. In addition to global regulatory pressure, the economies of Mauritius and South Africa are projected to shrink (by between 5% and 15% for Mauritius and 4.5% for South Africa) in 2020. These shrinkages will require state intervention in the form of bailouts and possibly regulatory intervention to attract and retain capital within their economies. In addition to this, we are at the start of the East African election cycle with Tanzania’s presidential election slated for October 2020.
This alert is for general use only and should not be relied upon without seeking specific legal advice on any matter.